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A new note from Bhctilibrary

In 2020, Carroll adopted the 9th edition of Turabian. You will start seeing this in your syllabi

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Ninth Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Follow this note to my new page Turabian Revisited.

What follows below is my (semi-archival) guidance on Turabian's 7th edition

While a bit repetitive of what you'll find at our official Citations page, here I want to get a little more detailed on where to look in Turabian (7th) to find out how to bring your papers together.

Please note that these instructions are meant to apply primarily to Carroll class papers and coursework; both theses and dissertations are likely to conform more closely to the officially written rules of Turabian (i.e., fewer of the noted exceptions from Carroll Documents will apply). Our most important document on using Turabian for class papers and coursework at Carroll is the BHCTI Turabian Guide.

Because I was the primary instructor of Carroll's Gateway course from Summer 2010 through Emmanuel 2016 (and on the teaching team from Pascal 2016 forward) I am undertaking to make this page reflect more of what will be wanted specifically in documentation submitted in this course.

For those of you who are visual learners, nothing I've seen beats the video tutorials created by Seth Allen for Turabian formatting available at his site in Vimeo.

With the 8th edition of Turabian now available, Carroll is considering when to fully implement the new version of the Manual. Our current Gateway instructor, however, is advocating use of 8th edition. You will find the Chapter and Section references listed below will apply in either 7th or 8th edition Turabian; but the specific page numbers below are for 7th edition only. Watch this space for further revisions once the edition change is made official...

Instructions and Examples to follow:

Part 1: Bibliography Style (Notes, plus Bibliography; used in the Humanities)Edit

This is the style the BHCTI Turabian Guide designates as as 'Option 1,' and is used by the majority of Carroll Instructors, as well as by me in teaching the Gateway Course.

Basics

Topic Where to go in Turabian for it: But See Also:
Basics Chapter 16:1. (pages 141-147). See also Turabian Quick Guide
Bibliography Chapter 16:2 and following (pages 147-150); also Appendix A.1 (pages 374-377). Also Appendix Figure A.15 (page 401); see also Turabian Quick Guide Carroll Course Documents, and Part 3 of this page (below)
Footnotes Chapter 16:3-4 (pages 151-159). Also Chapter 16, Figure 16.2 (pages 156-157); see also Turabian Quick Guide Carroll Course Documents, and Part 3 of this page (below)


Articles

Topic Where to go in Turabian for it:
Articles Chapter 17:2-4 (pages 181-188); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Journal articles Chapter 17:2 (pages 181-185); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Magazine articles Chapter 17:3 (pages 185-186)
Newspaper articles Chapter 17:4.1-2 (pages 186-188)
Online databases' articles Chapter 17:2.7 (page 185); 17.4.2 (page 188); 17:5.9 (pages 193-194); see also Turabian Quick Guide


Books

Topic Where to go in Turabian for it:
Books Chapter 17.1.1-10 (pages 162-181); see also Turabian Quick Guide
The Bible Chapter 17.5.2 (pages 190-191); see also Chapter 24.6.1-5 (pages 340-344)
CD-ROMs and DVD-ROMs Chapter 17:5.8 (page 193); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Dissertations and Theses Chapter 17:6.1 (pages 194-195); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Microform (Microfilm & Microfiche Chapter 17:5.7 (page 193)
Online databases (Books in...) Chapter 17:1.10 (page 181); 17.5.9 (pages 193-194); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Reference Books Chapter 17:5.3 (pages 191-192); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Theses and Dissertations Chapter 17:6.1 (pages 194-195); see also Turabian Quick Guide


Electronic formats (but see also Carroll Course documents)

Topic Where to go in Turabian for it:
Blog (considered an "Informally published electronic source" in Turabian) Chapter 17.7.2 (page 199); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Broadcast program (seen or heard online) Chapter 17.8.3 (page 202); 17.8.6 (pages 203-204).
Electronic mailing list Chapter 17:7.3 (page 199)
Email (considered a "Personal Communication" in Turabian) Chapter 17:6.3 (pages 195-196); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Informally published electronic sources Chapter 17:7 (pages 198-199).
Listserv (considered "Electronic mailing list" in Turabian) Chapter 17:7.3 (page 199)
Movies (seen online) Chapter 17:8.2 (page 201); 17:8.6 (pages 203-204)
Online databases Chapter 17:2.7 (page 185); 17.4.2 (page 188); 17:5.9 (pages 193-194); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Personal communication Chapter 17:6.3 (pages 195-196); see also Turabian Quick Guide
URLs Chapter 15.4.1 (pages 137-139);17:1.7 (pages 175-177); 17.1.10 (page 181); 17:2.7 (page 185);17:3 (pages 185-186); 17:5.3 (pages 191-192); 17;5.9 (pages 193-194); 17:6.1 (pages 194-195);17:7.1-3 (pages 198-199); 17:8.6 (pages 203-204); 17:9.13 (page 215);also Chapter 20:4.2 (page 294).
Weblog (considered an "Informally published electronic source" in Turabian) Chapter 17:7.2 (page 199); see also Turabian Quick Guide
Websites Chapter 17:7.1 (page 198); see also Turabian Quick Guide

Part 2: Reference List Style (Parenthetical Citations plus References List; used in the Social Sciences)Edit

New Gateway instructors permit Turabian Reference List style for the Carroll Gateway course, and the section distinguishing the second style will return. But the Manual and the BHCTI Turabian Guide (which calls this style 'Option 2'), as well as the Quick Guide website, do offer good guidance with Reference List style. Watch this space for further development...

Part 3: Format (either style)Edit

Basics:

Topic Where to go in Turabian for it DD's advice (when offered)
Basics Appendix A.1 (pages 373-377). The document Carroll Turabian Guide trumps the Turabian Manual here for Carroll coursework
Cover page

Appendix A.2.1 (pages 377-391); see also Appendix Figure A.1 (page 378), and Appendix Figure A.2 (page 379).

The document Carroll Turabian Guide trumps the Turabian Manual here for Carroll coursework. The sample cover page in the document most closely resembles the sample page shown in Appendix Figure A.2 (page 379).

Margins Appendix A.1.1 (page 374). set at 1 inch
Typeface Appendix A.1.2 (page 374). The document Carroll Turabian Guide trumps the Turabian Manual here for Carroll coursework. Try Times New Roman 12 point font
Spacing Appendix A.1.3 (page 375). double space, excepting block quotes and bibiography page; check Appendix and the Carroll Turabian Guide
Numbering Appendix A.1.4 (pages 375-376).

skip numbering the title page; on all other pages, consistently choose either:

  • the bottom, centered (prefered)
  • or the top, centered;
  • or the top, flush right

See also the TIPS below

Titles (in Text & on Bibliography page) Appendix A.1.5 (pages 376-377).

use centering, and initial caps, for instance:

           Bibliography

Text Appendix A.2.2 (pages 391-399).
Sections or subsections Appendix A.2.2 (pages 397-399). If needed, try the sample plan in Turabian (for up to 5 subheads)
Headings or subheadings Appendix A.2.2 What Turabian 7th edition calls "Sections or subsections, 8th edition calls "Headings or Subheadings."
Footnotes (bibiography style) Appendix A.2.2 (pages 397-399); see also Chapter 16:3 (pages 151-159) & Appendix Figure A.10 (page 393); see also Turabian Quick Guide

As indicated in the BHCTI Turabian Guide', 'regular numbering is preferred; follow the instructions there to render your page numbers appropriately if you are using the MSWord program.

If you opt to take the alternative default superscript numbers while using MSWord, then also adopt the following:

  • indent your footnotes
  • permit MSWord's default "superscript" numbering
  • and omit any period or spacing before starting the text of your footnote.
Bibliography Appendix A.2.3 (pages 399-404); see also Figure A.15 (page 401).

Adopt the title format above for the Bibliography page, i.e. on the top of the first page (first line), 'use centering and all caps, for instance:

'BIBLIOGRAPHY'





Also:


  • Leave two spaces (carriage returns) before the first biliographic entry.
  • Single space each entry, but use one space (carriage return) between separate entries.
  • Alphabetize the bibliography by author last name.
  • Apply a "hanging indent" to all bibliography entries.
  • If your bibliography is longer than one page, only place the title on the first page of the bibilography.


See the Appendix (on page 404) in Turabian for additional guidance; see also our BHCTI Turabian Guide.

Table of Contents (TOC) Appendix A.2.1 (pages 387-388) See examples at Figure A3 and Figure A4
Quotations, Block Chapter 25.2.2 See examples at Figure A9, Figure A10, and Figure A11.

TIPS:Edit

A TIP-

For those paginating ala Turabian on Word for Mac, these instructions from Gatewayer Beka Mullins and Gateway Course Instructor Dr. Eric Black may help!

  • Apply a Continuous Section Break (Insert->Break->Section Break [Continuous]) on the blank [first] page.
  • Next, change the margin size to 1" at the top of the new page (instead of the 2" required on the title page). 
  • Then. add another Section Break (a 'Next Page Section Break,' but another 'Continuous Break' may work just as well) to create a new section to start your page numbering. 
  • While your cursor is on the third page, click View->Header/Footer
  • then, go to the Footer on your third page (or whichever page you want to start/change the numbering).
  • Be sure to go onto the Header and Footer tab while you're in the Footer and uncheck the box labeled "Link to Previous". This will make it independent of the previous pages so you don't have to trick it or figure out how to hide the numbers on the first two pages. It's amazing how one little click of the mouse drastically changes the way your computer interprets your instructions! 
  • Once that change is made, while you're still in the Footer:
    • you can click Insert->Page Numbers, have it align to the Center, still show the number on the first page of the section, and go into the Format option on that window to tell it to start at 1.

Another TIP:

For those paginating ala Turabian with Office 2010, these instructions from Gatewayer Marvin Winham may help!

"using MS Word 2010, this is what I had to do to correct my page numbers, so page one, would start on page two.   It took several attempts, until I finally figured out where my curser had to be in the doc.  Also these are the steps, if you want your numbering in the bottom center, which was just my choice. Maybe this will help

1. Open a Word Doc.

2. Add 2-3 pages (blank)

3. click on page 2

4. click "Page Layout"

5. click "Breaks"

6. Put curser down at the bottom of "Page 2", then double click (your footer area should open)

7.Under Navigation - click  - "LINK TO PREVIOUS" - to turn it off !

8. Under header/footer section - click "Page Number"

9. click "Format  Page Number" - - this should open a box - click "start at"  and insert "1"

10. click - OK

11. click page number (again) - highlight "Bottom of Page"

12 select - "Plane number 2"

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